Alexey Lelyavsky

Director, teacher, since 1998 – the principal director of Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk). Honored Artist of the Republic of Belarus. Winner of numerous theatre prizes and festival awards, including the Russian National Theatre Award THE GOLDEN MASK.

Alexei graduated from Belarusian Institute of Theatre and Arts (currently – Belarusian State Academy of Arts). In 1979−1982 he worked as a director and literary assistant to the principal director of Belarusian Puppet Theatre, in 1982−1986 – as the principal director of Mogilev Puppet Theatre.
In 1989−2006 Alexei was Associate Professor at Belarusian Academy of Arts. The young generation of Belarusian puppeteers consists predominantly of his students. He leads international workshops on puppet theatre in Belgium, Finland, Poland, Germany, and Iran.
Alexei has directed over than 90 productions across the world. He is one of those directors, whose name is associated with the new stage of the development of Belarusian puppet theatre, its moving to the international level. He describes his works as “the aesthetics of total theatre”, combining devices and expressive means of puppet theatre with openly operating the puppets, as well as adding components of musical and movement-based art. His productions embody the ludic element and grotesque, permeated with dark humor and skepticism.
Since 2013, Alexei Lelyavsky has collaborated with St. Petersburg theatre Karlsson Haus. In the repertoire there are three productions directed by him: Odyssey (by K. Norrevig after Homer, 2014), Vanya, a fairy tale for adults “about the mysterious Russian soul” (2015, winner of THE GOLDEN MASK in the categories Best Director and Best Actor), Biography (after The Ugly Duckling by H. C. Andersen, 2016).

The principal productions:

White Steamer – 2002, Opolski Teatr Lalki i Aktora [Opole Theatre of Puppet and Actor], Opole, Poland

The Seagull. An Experiment in Reading – 2003, Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk, Belarus)

Moby Dick – 2008, Puppentheater Magdeburg [Magdeburg Puppet Theatre], Germany

Why Do People Get Old?.. – 2009, Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk, Belarus)

Drei Schwestern – 2010, Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk, Belarus)

Odysseus – 2011, Puppentheater Magdeburg [Magdeburg Puppet Theatre], Germany

Vanya. A Fairy Tale about Vanya and the Mysterious Russian Soul – 2015, Karlsson Haus Theatre (St. Petersburg, Russia)

The Birds – 2015, Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk, Belarus)

Biography – 2016, Karlsson Haus Theatre (St. Petersburg, Russia)

Gospel of Judas – 2016, Belarus State Puppet Theatre (Minsk, Belarus)

“In any text there are riddles, which we are trying to solve and which we are finding the appropriate theatrical form for. What is taking place is the process of deciphering the connections, building the structures, symbolical, logical, textual parallels. Besides that, I do not like happy ends.”
"Soyuznoye Veche" [Popular Assembly]
“If theatre does not allow itself to say something it considers important for the society, then what is the purpose of its existence? I understand very well that what we are doing is not close to a lot of people. When a person is sick, he or she is not happy to be diagnosed. However, I do not find it right when people keep silent and do not share their thoughts.”
"Kultprosvet" [Cultural Enlightenment]
“… one of theatre’s aims is to widen the outlook. Otherwise theatre might become similar to a grocery store during socialism: only two kinds of milk – regular and baked, two sorts of sausage – ‘doctorskaya’ and ‘lyubitelskaya’, and only one sort of kefir.”
"Kultprosvet" [Cultural Enlightenment]
“…this is ‘total theatre’, where all kinds of theatre art meet – pantomime, dance, music, puppets, objects, shadows, multimedia – everything. In my opinion, this is the most adequate name for our art today.”


NameLelyavsky Alexei Anatolyevich

Date and place of birth: 2 February 1957, Minsk, the Republic of Belarus

Education: Belarusian Institute of Theatre and Arts (currently Belarusian State Academy of Arts)

In a nutshell, about your career: I was influenced by the following people: my father (Anatoly Lelyavsky, People’s Artist of Belarus), Henk Boerwinkel, Peter Schumann, Marcel Cremer. I started in 1979 in Minsk, from 1982 to 1986 was the principal director in Mogilev, since 1986 – the principal director in Minsk. I directed about a hundred productions in theatres of Belarus, Germany, Poland, Russia, the Netherlands, Lithuania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia. I was recipient of diplomas at numerous international theatre festivals, as well as the master teacher of three acting and two directing classes at Belarusian Academy of Arts, and also conducted master classes in Germany, Poland, Finland, Iran, Russia, Belgium, the Netherlands. Currently I am Artistic Director of Belarusian International Puppet Theatre Festival.

Favorite authors, subjects, stories. All those, whose work I directed and will direct in the future.  The closest to me is Chekhov.

Favorite traditional system of puppets/texture. Any system.

Does a performance need text? It does need text, but not necessarily literary text…

Is the expression “puppet theatre” still relevant today? NO – because it denominated only a narrow segment of theatre spectacle.

What, in your opinion, is the difference between puppet theatre in Russia and the West? “Russian puppet theatre” (puppet theatre of the Russian Federation – formerly the USSR) is different from “the western” theatre (theatre of the countries of Western Europe) in EVERYTHING and, first of all, because of the fact that it is a part of the state system with all advantages and disadvantages resulting from it. The main problem of professional school is the lack of willingness to foster individual creative freedom.

What is useful about collaboration and cultural exchange? All this is useful for those who have not lost the desire to study.

Mass Media Feedback:

“The name of Alexei Lelyavsky is closely tied to the new stage of the development of Belarusian puppet theatre, which started in the 1980s and at the beginning of the 21st century resulted in the fact that this kind of theatre art became not only puppet – and not only Belarusian…”

Galina Aliseychik

Internet portal “Ludmila Gromyko. Theatre.”

“In another recent conversation, Lelyavsky said: ‘True puppet theatre has to be so brutal and terrifying initially, that no child should be able to endure it. Just think about it: one should experience panic horror when something dead, inanimate suddenly acquires the qualities of living matter. This spectacle is similar to a horror film – Dead Rising, The Shining. Of course, Biography is not Dead Rising, but it causes panic horror – first of all, by its refusal to compromise. This production is ultimately sincere, both from the point of view of actors’ existence and from the point of view of directing.”

Yana Postovalova

"Teatralny Gorod" [Theatre City]

“… speaking of the real significance of Lelyavsky’s method, it is not in purity and preciseness of theatre alphabet, but in the emotional effect, which can be reached – not in spite of, but thanks to its minimalism. Alienation on stage is in reverse proportion to the emotional tension in the auditorium. All chemical reactions, caused by the adjacency of two dimensions, happen in the auditorium.”

Anna Ivanova-Brashinskaya

"St. Petersburg Theatre Journal"

“If truth be told, Alexei Lelyavsky constantly continues to explore in theatre his favorite subject: ‘I. Life. Love. Death.’ Naturally, by this he tests the patience of conservative people. Not bound hand and foot by previous directors’ interpretations, he intentionally rejects the ‘right’ kind of reading of plays and all the stereotypical perceptions of characters. He does not have anything romantic, elevated, there is no idolization of the literary story.”

Tatyana Orlova

"Soyuznoye Veche" [Popular Assembly]

“… everything in this fairy tale by Alexei Lelyvsky is austere, graphic, precise, and truthful. No one relies on magic. This is an austere northern story.”

Pavel Rudnev about "Vanya"

Pavel Rudnev, blog Teatralniye dnevniki [Theatre Diaries]

Performances on the site:


Theatre «Karlsson Haus»


Theatre «Karlsson Haus»


Theatre «Karlsson Haus»